- 02.09.2015 02:17:12 from Twitter: #PureTrance Radio 001 is happening right now on @diradio - track list feed via @ILikeItPure [more]
- 02.09.2015 01:44:11 from Twitter: Hoping to see lots of my old Solaris International friends! >> @ILikeItPure in 15 mins guys. Tune in via http://t.co/AbDRHy5ziY #PureTrance [more]
- 02.09.2015 01:39:33 from Twitter: Join me in 20 mins over on @ILikeItPure for my live Twitter tracklisting of Pure Trance Radio 001! Broadcasting via @diradio Trance channel [more]
- 02.09.2015 05:35:21 from Twitter: Enjoying this at home at the moment :) @ThomasDatt - Chronicles Episode 121' via @diradio http://t.co/m8u2tnBJAk [more]
- 02.09.2015 05:23:09 from Facebook: Hello lovely people - the first episode of Pure Trance Radio goes out tonight via Digitally Imported Trance Channel at 22:00 CET. Please take note that I will be tweeting the tracklist LIVE via the Pure Trance twitter which is @ILikeItPure - so if you're not following me already on there - please do it now! Here's the link http://twitter.com/ilikeitpure Tonight's first show will feature brand new music from Forerunners Aly & Fila Sneijder Bryan Kearney Ferry Tayle Dan Stone Dimension John O'Callaghan Official & many more. Be there :) [more]
- 02.09.2015 04:22:23 from Twitter: ... I will be tweeting the tracklist live via the @ILikeItPure feed - so if you're not following me there already - do it now! [more]
- 02.09.2015 04:21:27 from Twitter: Hello lovely people. Episode 001 of #PureTranceRadio is going out tonight via @difm trance channel at 22:00 CET.... http://t.co/WxKC51uHTZ [more]
- 01.09.2015 04:35:48 from Twitter: RT @ILikeItPure: Pictures of our #PureTrance adventure in Melbourne are up! Tag yourself! http://t.co/O6nZfSeBme http://t.co/p4JB2dLItb [more]
- 01.09.2015 04:35:10 from Twitter: RT @ILikeItPure: Tomorrow 22.00 (CET) is #PureTranceRadio time on @difm 's #Trance! Will you join @richsolarstone on this adventure? http:/… [more]
- 01.09.2015 04:33:08 from Facebook: [more]
- 01.09.2015 11:44:51 from Facebook: How many lasers can you count on this picture :) ? [more]
- 01.09.2015 10:06:18 from Twitter: Happy Birthday @Soniccouture one of my favourite vst makers :) [more]
- 01.09.2015 07:36:53 from Twitter: @heatbeatmusic yeah I got that too. That's the new album taken care of then 😀 [more]
- 31.08.2015 01:31:01 from Facebook: Only 4 more nights! Toronto, see you on Friday for 7hrs of deep, progressive & uplifting #PureTrance :) [more]
- 31.08.2015 08:55:33 from Facebook: " While others take the word 'trance' out of their radio shows, we're reaffirming the commitment to the cause and putting it in! " #PureTranceRadio [more]
- 30.08.2015 07:29:33 from Facebook: For those asking, that mashup type thing I did live at Pure Trance Perth was... Pulser - My Religion (Astuni & Manuel Le Saux Re-Lift) with a bit of the acapella from Above & Beyond 'Thing Called Love' over the top, then I dropped into the guitar melody from Solarcoaster on its own, then back into 'My Religion', then into the old Midway mix of Solarcoaster, then I must mixed the other bit of 'Thing Called Love' over the top of that. [more]
- 30.08.2015 02:02:42 from Facebook: What a great way to end our 2015 Australian Pure Trance tour - Yorkshire dinner cooked by the fabulous Dan Future Disciple and his lovely wife Hayley :) My first one-eyed Sunday worked out ok. [more]
- 29.08.2015 04:11:03 from Facebook: [more]
- 28.08.2015 08:49:28 from Facebook: En route to Perth for the final show of our 2015 Pure Trance Aussie tour. See you tonight! [more]
- 28.08.2015 11:34:44 from Facebook: This just properly went off at Pure Trance Brisbane! Thanks Family Nightclub! [more]
Farewell Solaris International, Long Live Pure Trance Radio!
As both its lodestar and foremost crusader, the last three years have seen Solarstone (Richard Mowatt) ‘reinfranchise’ huge swathes of the scene’s once disaffected fans through the Pure Trance dogma! Last week the producer, DJ & composer announced on Solaris International - his long running weekly radio show, that the broadcast would be his last. All is not lost though! Far, far from it…
Today he’s delighted to reveal that, in the next natural onwards progression in the movement’s young history, he is absorbing his weekly radio broadcast into the Pure Trance fold! Yes indeed, your dose of the Pure stuff just went weekly, prime-time, (22:00 C.E.T) Wednesdays on DIFM!
Through its industrious 3-year express of music-comp & album releases, club nights, world tours and record label releases, built around the Pure mantra, trance has once again been capturing hearts & minds in the tens of thousands.
Adding another branch to the P.T. tree, Pure Trance Radio’s inaugural ‘001’ transmission goes out Wednesday 2nd of September.
On this new turn of Solarstone radio events, Richard says. “Throughout its 8 year run, Solaris International built up a listenership that - inside the world of trance - I feel became second to very few. Pure Trance though is now the essence and the All. So, fondly, I’m bidding farewell to Solaris International. Pure Trance Radio will become its spiritual (and very actual!) successor and I hope you will all join me in the new adventure.
This change is occurring in response to what I, and my fellow Pure Trance evangelists see happening in the scene. With each and every week that goes by, there is that much more new, great Pure Trance-dialing music to bring you. Music that is capturing (or maybe more recapturing) the spirit which got us all into trance in the first place, albeit with 21st century production techniques.
So the time has really never been better to rechristen the show and celebrate that. While others take the word ‘trance’ out of their radio shows’, we’re reaffirming the commitment to the cause and putting it in!
If you previously listened to Solaris International through the numerous FM stations carrying the show around the world, hey, don’t touch that dial! Pure Trance Radio snaps straight into its position, so no retuning necessary!
With digital though, the bigger changes... Reflecting its impact on the scene, Pure Trance Radio will now occupy a prime time slot on DIFM for the show’s first play of the week. You can catch it Wednesdays, on DIFM’s trance channel at 22:00 C.E.T. Structurally too this is more evolution than revolution. All the features that S.I. lovers know & love are to the greater extent, unchanged.
You are though in line for that much more of the purest of the pure… trance!
Solarstone & IKO - Once (Pure Mix)
Plucked from The Twilight Saga’s OST, 2014’s ‘Heart Of Stone’ from English indie-rockers IKO was filtered to club floors globally through the remixing hands of Pure Trance chieftain Solarstone. The Devonshire two-piece’s first brush with the electronic music scene, it was a interpretation that won wide praise from fans, media and DJs alike.
Now, a year and a month on, Solarstone and IKO (Kieran Scragg & Neil Reed) are back working together again, albeit this time in a full-blown production collaboration capacity. ‘Once’ channels together the power of the three, into a greater-than-the-sum-of-its-parts outing. Its result is a floor-mover, with alchemic qualities, not least the lament of its affecting and profoundly thought-provoking vocals.
With ‘Shield’, Solarstone has already banged the singles drum pretty damn hard in 2015. “Epic, elegant, and with movements that recall the immortal ‘Seven Cities’” said DJMagItalia, who went to trumpet it as the work of “a real musician”. Scoring it an impressive 8/10 meanwhile, the UK edition of DJ Mag said: “you won’t be able to miss just how much supreme ingenuity’s gone into ‘Shield’”, something that clearly wasn’t lost on DJs, as the track took up residency in their sets & playlists.
Now, for his first summer action of 2015, Solarstone is back, this time side-by-side in the studio with indie-rock combo IKO. Folding multiple elements of Neil’s instrumentation into the frisson club energy or his Pure Mix, they develop ‘Once’s extraordinary lucence through Kieran’s bittersweet song and unflinchingly incisive lyrics.
Out Through Black Hole Recordings via Beatport on June 22nd. The Beatport pick-up here
Solarstone - Shield Pt. 1
Over the last 3 years Solarstone has compounded all the best elements from trance’s periodic table, refining them into the purest form the genre has to offer. Turning the metaphorical into the actual, with his last single, he saluted Breaking Bad with ‘Nothing But Chemistry Here’. Cited as both a “hypnotic masterpiece” and “very cool!” and by Germany’s Faze Mag, it was likewise champed by DJMagItalia as both “incisive” & “uplifting”.
Taking its musical cues from his best-known sound, his Original Mix expands the ‘Pt.1’ version of ‘Shield’ with a bounding bass & swirled atmospherics intro that melts into an acoustic guitar drop and incendiary conclusion.
Pick up your ‘Shield’ today! Out now on Beatport
Silvermine - Flying (Solarstone Pure Mix)
Silvermine are South African producer Chris Querido and California-based vocalist, Betsie Larkin. While we're all familiar with Betsie's solo EDM outings, Silvermine is an altogether different project that fuses Querido's multi-instrumental abilities, intricate production skills and love of New Wave with Betsie's evocative lyrics and indie-rock spirit. Their collaboration across the web - a veritable bridge of souls from the United States to Cape Town - resulted in 'Flying'.
Solarstone's 'Pure Mix' was one of the highlights of the critically acclaimed 'Pure Trance Vol. III' compilation and was recorded after Richard fell in love with this previously unreleased song after hearing it courtesy of Betsie. Handling the original stems with care, Solarstone built upon the foundation of Querido's beautiful musical elements with his signature 'Pure Trance' sound, resulting in a lush backdrop for Larkin's plaintive love song. Now, the full-length version of Solarstone's remix is now available for the first time.
Solarstone - Nothing But Chemistry Here
For his first single action of 2015, Solarstone delivers the long entreated release of one of last year’s set mainstays. Debuted in its Original form alongside previous single smash ‘Slowmotion III’ on the third ‘Electronic Architecture’ album, ‘Nothing But Chemistry Here’ is now ready to drop science.
To do the track full justice, Solarstone has himself expanded it up & out, into a near 9-minute-long Extended journey. Flanking his mix are reworks from audio alchemists Sean Tyas and Gai Barone, who bring their own inimitable styles of chemistry to ‘Nothing’s sound compound.
Solarstone’s Extended version takes the lusciously brooding landscape of his Original vision and fleshes it out into a long-dark-tunnel of a mix. The portentous title line, vibrant low-end LFO and ultra-atmospheric FX are come hinged around its transcendentally tinged female vocal hook.
Pulling out all the stops, Italy’s Gai Barone delivers a deliciously slow patrol through the clandestine nether regions of Pure Trance, as his version draws you deeper down into ‘Chemistry’s sonic crevasse.
Sean Tyas’ mix meanwhile takes ‘Nothing’ from pole to stylistic pole. He accelerates its tempo to peak-time speed and ramps ‘Chemistry’s pH up to near hazardous levels of acidizing 303.
Music brilliantly produced right across trance’s elemental scale, be it deep, driving or out-&-out tough, ‘Chemistry’ will spark your 2015 up the right way!
01: Solarstone – Nothing But Chemistry Here (Extended Mix)
02: Solarstone – Nothing But Chemistry Here (Gai Barone Remix)
03: Solarstone – Nothing But Chemistry Here (Sean Tyas Remix)
Out on February 2nd on all download portals. The Sean Tyas remix is available now as Beatport Exclusive
Solarstone presents Pure Trance Vol. 3: Mixed by Solarstone + Bryan Kearney
Ah, October!! Once that rubbishy no-mans-land wedged between summer’s last surge and the build-up to the festive season… Now though, for electronic music lovers, you’re hard-pressed to pick a livelier month, with 31 days of music convention/festival thrills and DJ/music poll reveals. And, come the end of the month, to cap it all off, there’s the annual ‘state-of-the-Pure-Trance-union’ mix-comp ‘address’!
Pure Trance’s has again been a rolling boulder of momentum over the last 12 months, with evermore DJs heeding the call of the PURE! The press have been kind.... MIXMAG magazine called the first compilation “highly impressive” and its second “a huge step up again”. Last month, in a key feature, DJ Mag UK cited Pure Trance as a major catalyser in “trance staging a major comeback”. The fans have been kinder yet, flocking to Pure Trance events at WMC in Miami, ADE in Amsterdam, Ibiza and dozens of other electronic music metropolises around the globe.
Now, in its third year, the evermore-established origin-trance series marshals–up for its regular end-of-Oct release spot. Following co-mix tenures by Orkidea, and last year Giuseppe Ottaviani, in 2014 it’s younger-gun Bryan Kearney who joins Solarstone at the controls. In the search of the P.T. chosen, they’ve forensically slid 1000s of tracks under the Pure microscope, finally identifying 37 of the most exclusive uncorrupted and virtuous trance tracks out there. Big name productions passing the clarity check include music from the desks of Aly & Fila, Alex M.O.R.P.H., Thrillseekers, Sied van Riel, John O’Callaghan, Arctic Moon and Ferry Tayle, as well as much from Solarstone & Bryan themselves. As is Pure Trance covenant, the album is as much about the ‘future-perfect’ producers as it is ’present day’ legends. In that, it brings music from dozens of nu-bloods: Sneijder, Will Atkinson, Adam Ellis, Standerwick, The Noble Six and Liam Wilson among them.
Puritans, your deliverance from the derivative is once again nigh! ‘Pure Trance Vol. 3’ enters the arena October 27th.
Pre-order Pure Trance 3 Here: http://bit.ly/PureTrance3
Signed Pure Trance 3 CD Pre-order here: http://bit.ly/PureTrance3_signed
So what’s inside the third box, we hear you ask!? Well in short: masses, but more specifically, leading the mix-charge is Pure’s conceptador himself, Solarstone. Early in, he mixes up his Retouches of tracks by Liam Wilson’ and Artur (‘Set In Stone’ and ‘Rays’ respectively) with Pure Mix variations of ‘Flying’ from Silvermine and Gai Barone’s ‘Mr. Slade’. There are also outstanding sonic crossbreeds, with Winkee’s ‘Assassin’ kinetically encountering Solarstone’s ‘Dark Heart’, and further in Alex M.O.R.P.H.’s more ‘Sacred’ variety brilliantly interplayed with Sied van Riel’s ‘Gravity’. There are nods to Pure’s lineage too, with a highly respectful after-touch of Jam & Spoon’s ‘Odyssey To Anyoona’ (recently cited by both Solarstone & Armin in the UK’s DJ Mag as 1 of the 10 most important trancers of all time!) and Z2/Neptune Project’s rework of Oliver ‘Ecano’ Lieb’s immortal ‘Run’. With plenty more abound from production hounds like Thrillseekers, Driftmoon, Orkidea and Adam Ellis, the mix runs hot from first beat to last!
On a Purely personal note, Solarstone says: “The year since Vol. 2 has been a fabulous twelve months not just for the Pure Trance movement, but for the Trance scene on the whole. Bryan and I have dug deep into the record boxes and demo banks, searching for those glimmers & sparks of musical inspiration from both established and previously unknown artists, to bring you an emotive ride through the many shades of the Pure Trance sound.If you have attended any of our Pure Trance events, you will understand exactly the journey upon which this album will take you. If you have not yet had that pleasure, simply close your eyes, take a deep breath, and immerse yourself in this tapestry of melodies, grooves & emotions”.
An origin-trance dedicate, over the last three years Bryan Kearney’s DJing, together with his Kearnage imprint have propelled him to the forefront of the scene. Brilliantly distilling the sub-genre to absolute purification, his mixes play trancers from neophytes like The Noble Six, Chris Metcalfe, Alex Di Stefano and Will Atkinson off against those of more seasoned operators. The mix’s midsection it heavy with known-names, as John O’Callghan’s ‘The Saw’, Aly & Fila vs. Sneijder’s ‘Full Throttle’ (and ‘Nubia’ with Ferry Tayle) and Arctic Moon’s ‘Revolution’ all come under his laser. Its climax brings Adam Ellis’ remix of Fred Baker’s roots return tune ‘Rebirth’ and Bryan’s own, just-finished mix of the title track from US alt-rock vocalist Plumb’s ‘Need You Now’.
By way of introduction, Bryan says: “My mix is a representation of what I consider trance to be, versatile, energetic with power and passion. You will get a glimpse of the future of my own label Kearnage with nine tracks produced especially for this album. I have to once again say thank you to all the producers for providing me with such high quality music. It made the process of compiling this mix so much easier”.
STOP PRESS: Catch Pure Trance LIVE! Over the last 3 years Solarstone presents Pure Trance’s event concept has visited in excess of 40 electronic music capitals around the world. To celebrate the release of album strike #3, Solarstone, accompanied by Aly & Fila, Giuseppe Ottaviani (Live), Orkidea and Sneijder, will be making a hotly anticipated return to the Dutch capital during ADE week. You can catch them riverside at Hotel Arena, (‘s Graveandestraat 51) for the 2014 ADE edition of Solarstone Presents Pure Trance on October 16th. Fix up dem tix through this link now! : http://bit.ly/PureTranceADE2014
Solarstone presents Pure Trance Vol. 3 : Mixed by Solarstone + Bryan Kearney
Disc 1 - Mixed by Solarstone
01. Liam Wilson - Set In Stone (Solarstone Retouch)
02. Winkee vs Solarstone - Dark Assassins Heart
03. Simon Templar - To The Stars (Pt. I)
04. Jam & Spoon - Odyssey To Anyoona
05. Silvermine - Flying (Solarstone Pure Mix)
06. Solarstone - Shield (Pt. I)
07. The Thrillseekers - Find You
08. Artur - Rays (Solarstone Retouch)
09. Gai Barone - Mr. Slade (Solarstone Pure Mix)
10. Dan Stone - Kito
11. Driftmoon - Summerstone
12. Alex M.O.R.P.H. - Sacred Heart
13. Sied van Riel featuring Alicia Madison - Gravity (Acapella)
14. Sied van Riel & Standerwick - In A Perfect World (Solarstone Pure Mix)
15. Adam Ellis - Aulus
16. Orkidea - Purity (Sneijder Remix)
17. Ecano - Run (Z2 vs. Neptune Project LSD Mix)
Solarstone - 4Ever (Pure Retouch)
It doesn't get 'purer' than this, Solarstone's majestic '4Ever' is an embodiment the Pure Trance sound; an evocative lead melody, a heart-rending chord progression backed up by incessant, driving production. This 136bpm 'Pure Retouch' has been a mainstay of Solarstone's DJ sets throughout 2014 and features on the critically acclaimed 'Electronic Architecture 3'. Previously available only as an album-cut, after a clamor of requests fans it is now available in all of its eight-and-a-half minute DJ-friendly glory. Timeless..
Solarstone & Orkidea - Slowmotion III
A tradition that’s unofficially linked their last 4 years with a 3-strong arc of ‘Slowmotion’ tracks, each has augured a major new Solarstone or Orkidea release or project. As the first purpose-produced track from his forthcoming, keenly anticipated ‘Electronic Architecture³’compilation, No. ‘III’ in the series is no different. Together the pair deliver another piece of righteously dark, long and supremely strong subterranean-minded trance.
Solarstone & Orkidea are back to strike three for three with the latest in their sequential ‘Slowmotion’ series. The pair’s Original Mix steams from port through coolly undulated bass waves and casually swelled 80s-edged synthesis, tipping a blasé vocal salute to arch synth-masters Yello as it embarks.
Churning those waters ever deeper, female siren-song harmonies heighten its atmosphere, before Richard & Tapio channel the track into the glockenspiel-like orchestral chime of the break. With the tempo’s dial securely locked to trance-progressive, ‘Slowmotion III” proceeds to deliver one laser-lit FX tweak, frisson-filled sequential development and masterfully delivered key change after another.
Putting the capital ‘E’ in ‘Epic’, Orkidea’s version-excursion extends to a full 13 and a ½ minutes of imaginatively produced and complexly arranged electronic music. Into his extended high-on-drama intro, the Fin pours dystopian bass & sporadic drums patterns into long, near filmic synth sequences. Throbbing with an atmospherically brooding menace, Orkidea then engages the 4/4 drums, builds up ‘Slowmotion III’s retro-futuristic female vocals and draws it out, seemingly infinitely, into progressive-house submersion. For his take, Solarstone’s lightens the Original Mix’s netherworld tones by degrees. Increasing the drive shaft behind the production and using a fresh raft of 80s inspired FX, he binds the call of the vocal, the panning shift of the chiming sub-riff and the ethereal sweep of its mainline atmosphere decisively into the mix.
Pure mood-food for those that like to explore the dark underbelly of trance, Slowmotion III is out now
Solarstone - Electronic Architecture³
3 years is a long time in dance music… Time & space can appear to move that much faster still if you’ve spent it crusading the cause of Pure Trance, reclaiming your place as one of the world’s hottest 100 DJs in the process. It’s exactly that interval since Electronic Architecture – Solarstone’s much praised, IDMA-nominated, boundary breaking music-vs-art project - series received its second (or ²Squared) edition. With Pure Trance catalysing club floors globally, Solarstone now picks up the Electronic Architecture story with this, its extraordinary trilogy-completing outing.
The release, now boosted into a triangulation of three mixes, provides the long-awaited bridge back into ‘EA’s standalone dominion. Containing music from returning Architects, it also features many debutante engineers - subjects of the influence of the first two albums audio & imagery. With mix#1’s tone, tempo and technique tracking the first album’s progressive/trance compression, the second finds Solarstone integrating Pure Trance motifs into ‘EA’s sonic ethic. Solarstone is an artist who musically always has something fresh to ‘say’. Underlining that, with its third disc he becomes the first headlining DJ to shine a light on a new, audibly emerging electronic music subculture.
Pre-order here on iTunes
‘Electronic Architecture³’ features new audio from respected names like 16 Bit Lolitas, Basil O’Glue, Orkidea and – naturally – the man himself. It also includes exclusively made remixes of tracks that were origin influences for the series as well as inspired fold-returns for artists like the immortal Salt Tank. For this edition, alumni names from the first two releases are also back on EA’s campus. In the mix comes brand new music from returnee Architects inc. Nick Stoynoff, Konektiv, Alucard, and the album also mix-exhibits work from a completely new class of sound shapers & designers. Accept no gimmicks, contrivances or devices; this music is pure of essence, sound of mind and again ready to redesign dance music’s skyline.
On the creation of EA, Solarstone said “To tapestrate the deep & immersive sounds of Disc 1, the melodic Pure energy of Disc 2 & the slow-motion soundscapes of Disc 3 was a true labour of love for me. Commissioning bespoke edits from the artists themselves and my own reconstructions in a combined endeavour to create a fluid, multi-layered mix resulted in this 3rd volume of Electronic Architecture; so spend some time getting to know & love these inspired tracks, reconstructions & transitions.”
#Mix1 picks up precisely where the '²Squared’ edition left off. Harmonically mixing with an unprecedented seamlessness, Richard lays down its foundations. Tracking trance & progressive’s endlessly enthralling margin, the epic ‘Beat Organ’ from 16 Bit Lolitas’ and Soarsweep’s melodic ‘Thistle’ collectively presage the latest from Basil O’Glue. Possibly one of the ‘EA’ school’s most notable ‘graduates’, he wows with the astronomically minded sonics of ‘Seven Sages’. To the mix Solarstone & Orkidea then deliver the third in their sub-series of ‘Slowmotion’ releases, which dovetails into Guy J deep, relentless rework of Ambassador ’99 classic ‘The Fade’. Bringing the disc to a head, ‘Monoposto’ from Mexico’s Konektiv and Gai Barone’s ‘Metal Jaws’ bookend Solarstone’s steel-strong EA-exclusive ‘Nothing But Chemistry Here’.
With ‘EA³’ foundation bedrock well in position, #Mix2 sends the sound vertical, developing the release’s geometric superstructure. Dawning with the incredible ‘EA³’ Reconstruction of Forerunners’ 2007 ‘Lifecycle’, its opening minutes also deliver Allende’s much-sought remix of Salt Tank’s hiatus-ending ‘Phoenix’. With Pure Trance running through its veins, the mix’s arteries are on fire with tracks like The Thrillseekers upcoming ‘This Is All We Have’, the distorted blaze of Eco’s ‘One Day’, the deliciously moody contrast of Orkidea’s ‘Purity’ and Solarstone’s own Retouch mix of summer-burst ‘4Ever’.
#Mix3 brings something completely new to the ‘EA’s DNA, showcasing trance & progressive music currently being cultivated by a small but dedicated label/studio axis. It’s the Electronic Architecture sound-spectra you know, but at tempos never previously recorded. Bringing the final shapes, shards and sounds to ‘EA³’, the mix includes album-exclusive reworks of many of the its crop, inc. O'Glue’s ‘Seven Sages’, Barone’s ‘Metal Jaws’, Rischaad’s ‘Razorbeam’ and others. It also features ‘Awakening’ from Winkee (one of the subculture’s early propagators), the oceanic dive of Alexey Muravyev’s ‘Evening Surf’ and ‘Dedication, Loyalty’ from modern-classical composer Nils Frahm. Drums, bass, synths all remain, but at 100bpm tempos, bringing the tracks fresh dimensions and envisioning an entirely new meet-point between ambient & trance.
Triangulating three different sides of Electronic Architecture into one extraordinary mix-comp, Solarstone delivers the series’ third masterpiece. The corridors of sounds will never be quite the same again. ‘Electronic Architecture³’ is unveiled July 7.
Solarstone ‘Electronic Architecture³’
01. Daniel Avery - Platform Zero (EA3 Edit)
02. Soarsweep - Thistle (EA3 Reconstruction)
03. Mistol Team - Algorrobal (EA3 Reconstruction)
04. 16 Bit Lolitas - Beat Organ
05. Trent McDermott - For What It's Worth
06. Basil O'Glue - Seven Sages (EA3 Reconstruction)
07. Solarstone & Orkidea - Slowmotion III
08. Ambassador - The Fade (Guy J Remix)
09. Blister 13.0 - Sin Ojos (Oliver Prime Remix In Blue)
10. Nick Stoynoff - You're OK (EA3 Reconstruction)
11. Konektiv – Monoposto
12. Rischaad – Razorbeam
13. Solarstone - Nothing But Chemistry Here
14. Philthy Chit - Colours (EA3 Reconstruction)
15. Gai Barone - Metal Jaws (EA3 Edit)
01. Forerunners - Lifecycle (Foundation EA3 Reconstruction)
02. Tom Bro – Memories
03. Salt Tank - Phoenix (Allende Remix)
04. Liam Wilson - Kiss (EA3 Edit)
05. Alexey Muravyev - Evening Surf (EA3 Edit)
06. Orkidea – Purity
07. Nils Frahm - Dedication, Loyalty (EA3 Edit)
08. Danny Stubbs - Red Orbit (EA3 Reconstruction)
09. Winkee – Awakening
10. Outer Pulse - Ethereal Glyph (Solarstone Retouch)
11. Solarstone - 4Ever (Solarstone Retouch)
12. Ultimate - Imagination (EA3 Reconstruction)
13. The Thrillseekers - This Is All We Have
14. Eco - One Day (EA3 Reconstruction)
01. Alexey Muravyev - Evening Surf (Slow)
02. Basil O'Glue - Seven Sages (Slow)
03. Tonal Axis – Rainfall
04. Liam Wilson - Kiss (Slow)
05. Solarstone & Hannah Magenta - Swansong (EA3 Reconstruction)
06. Rischaad - Razorbeam (Slow)
07. Danny Stubbs - Red Orbit (Slow)
08. Philthy Chit - Colours (Slow)
09. Gai Barone - Metal Jaws (Slow)
10. Winkee - Awakening (Slow)
11. Alucard - Autumn Breeze
12. Nils Frahm - Dedication, Loyalty
Solarstone pres. Pure Trance touring Australia this Summer!
Solarstone & JES - Like A Waterfall (Pure Mix)
When originally released in 2006, the seminal 'Like A Waterfall' from Solarstone & JES turned heads & hearts, and became a dearly beloved 'classic' to many. Now, with his 'Pure Trance' flag flying at full mast, Solarstone has revisited & refined the track, resulting in two beautiful club mixes for the discerning trance lover. His 'Pure Mix' brings the song bang up-to-date with it's driving persistent groove, evocative melodies and precision-delivery of that rapturous chorus. For instrumental lovers Solarstone focuses on the melodic piano elements in his 'Cascading Pure Dub'. As if that were not enough, after months of tastemaker-teasing and having acquired almost mythical status, the wonderful Eco Remix finally gets a full release. This is music for life.
A Pure treatment for Giuseppe's ' I Am Your Shadow '
For ‘Magenta’s next single transmission, musical maestro Giuseppe Ottaviani has teamed up with Dmitry Dmitriev, better known as Russian trance progressive producer Audiocells. Completing the release’s super troupe is vocalist Shannon Hurley and together they’ve conspired to create something a little bit low-slung and deliciously mood filled!! This is ‘I Am Your Shadow’.
Singer Shannon Hurley (who’s previously toplined tracks for Alex M.O.R.P.H., Tenishia, Andy Duguid, Protoculture and others) brings no small amount of vocal haunt and mystique to her lyrical lines and vocal intonations. Giuseppe underpins them with one of his typically thrusting, sinuous productions, while Audio Cells supply their darkly more atmospheric trance-progressive top layer to further shade ‘Magenta’s palette. Over in remix-ville, Solarstone’s Pure Mix light a brighter path for ‘Shadow’, while electro-edged buzz and EDM frission provide the respective primers for Heatbeat’s equally stunning rework. Listen to Solarstone's Pure Mix here:
Giuseppe Ottaviani & Audiocells ft Shannon Hurley - I Am Your Shadow (Solarstone Pure Mix) is out now on Black Hole Recordings.
Iko - Heart of Stone (Solarstone Pure Mixes)
You might already know the artist. You may very well have heard the track. And if you’re a devotee of vampires, werewolves, et al, the odds go through the roof that the bewitching ‘Heart of Stone’ has already found its way to you ears. Joining the respected likes of Green Day, Ellie Goulding & Skrillex, Iko’s track first appeared on the soundtrack for the final chapter of The Twilight Saga’s Breaking Dawn. Through its inclusion the two-piece melodic rock group’s breakthrough has won them new fans in places far and wide - among them is a certain English pure trance practitioner!
Out through Black Hole Recordings, March 17th 2014)
Turning the bewitching into the entrancing, through his Pure rework, Solarstone spins ‘Heart of Stone’ to face the club floor. Bringing it into the electronic music realm, he energizes it with a hallmark Pure Trance production. Running 4/4 drums, throbbing rocky bass guitar lines, echoing atmospheric effects and haunting keyboard lines all charge its frontend. In the drop he conveys the complex power of Iko singer Kieran Scragg’s wrought lyrics & ethereal vocals and Neil Reed’s pensive castaway pianoforte into the mix. Contrasting their collective emotion with the ascension of his mix’s lead line, he turns its angst-like feel into something altogether more euphoric and uplifting. Solarstone’s Pure Mix of Iko’s ‘Heart Of Stone’ is released on Pure Trance Recordings, Monday 17th of March.
Tracklist: 01. IKO ‘Heart Of Stone’ (Solarstone Pure Mix)
02. IKO ‘Heart Of Stone’ (Solarstone ‘Can’t Forget You’ Pure Dub)
03. IKO ‘Heart Of Stone’ (Solarstone Pure Radio Edit)
Solarstone - Pure Deluxe EP
Especially for those DJ's in need of Solarstone, the Pure Deluxe Edition EP features 4 tracks taken from the new iTunes LP Deluxe edition of his latest artist album Pure, providing almost 4 hours of Solarstone listening/viewing experiences.
(Available on Beatport on Black Hole Recordings, 17th February 2014)
The Pure Deluxe Edition EP kicks off with Suncatcher's melodic, thermic take on 'Fireisland' (with Aly & Fila), followed by the Extended Mix of the celestially gazing 'Voyager', which masses its booming drums to pulsate the speakers for a heart-in-mouth outer space ride. Peter Hulsmans' epic 9+ minute journeyman mix is a previously unreleased gem. With the Billy McGruddy-vocalled 'Shake The Demons', Richard re-establishes one of the most talked-about connections from his 'Touchstone' album. Following the club hits 'Electric Love' and 'Is There Anyone Out There', the pair's latest co-production extends a different tone. With both Healium and Namatjira having turned in first-class remixes of 'Shake The Demons', the Pure Deluxe Edition EP has plenty of Solarstone to enjoy. 'Pure (Deluxe Edition EP)' is out on Beatport February 17, all other portals March 3.
01: Solarstone with Aly & Fila - Fireisland (Suncatcher Remix)
02: Solarstone - Voyager (Extended Mix)
03: Solarstone - Voyager (Peter Hulsmans Remix)
04: Solarstone with Bill McGruddy - Shake The Demons (Healium Remix)
05: Solarstone with Bill McGruddy - Shake The Demons (Namatjira Remix)
Pure - The Deluxe Edition
With ‘Pure’, his third studio album, Solarstone entered a major new phase in his DJ’ing, producing, singing and songwriting career. The collection heralded his frontline return and was the first gleaming of what has gone on to become the Pure Trance movement. Featuring musical co-productions with artists like Aly & Fila and Giuseppe Ottaviani and vocal team-ups with singers including Betsie Larkin, Clare Stagg and Hannah Magenta, two months on from its initial release it became his bestselling album to date.
Now, after the singles, their remixes, the ‘Pure’ tour gigs and the other significant events the release set in motion, Black Hole Recordings has consolidated all its parts into the definitive multimedia edition of the album. Featuring full length extended mixes of each of its 13 tracks, ‘Pure - The Deluxe Edition’ also now includes a panoramically remixed alternative vision of the album. With remakes from artists including John O’Callaghan, Bryan Kearney, Suncatcher, Peter Hulsman and others, it brings many a new vista. Also included are the incredible YouTube view-baiting videos of single smashes ‘Falcons’, ‘Voyager’ and ‘Lovers’, as well as empty orchestra versions for Solarstone lyric-lovers. Part by part, track-by-track and video-by-video, ‘Pure - The Deluxe Edition’ builds into the criterion, no-stone-left-unturned album edition. No Solarstone fan’s collection will be complete without it. 'Pure - The Deluxe Edition' is now available exclusivily through iTunes: http://bitly.com/PureDeLuxe
Solaris International pres. Si/2013Q4 now available
Solaris International pres. Si/2013Q4 now available The new Si/2013Q4 bundle features a selection of 20 beautiful and melodic tracks hand-picked by Solarstone from the playlist of Si during the 4th quarter of 2013.
A collection of music to open your mind to, close your eyes to, and ultimately live your life to. Out now all major download portals.
Solarstone launches Pure Trance Recordings
Having championed the true sound and nature of trance music from his very first release, the last 24 months have seen Solarstone drive those ethics back to the top of the genre’s agenda. Through his music, mix-comps, radio show and breath-stealing DJ performances, he has preached the Pure gospel and modernized its origin sound. Now he is now thrilled to begin 2014 by announcing the launch, in partnership with esteemed Dutch music house Black Hole, of Pure Trance Recordings. The next natural progression in the movement, Pure Trance Recordings’ manifesto couldn’t be more definitive. The label will bring to club floors and festival speakers the very finest, highest quality, purely refined, intoxicating, hypnotizing trance from the scene’s most gifted music makers. &
On announcing the birth of Pure Trance Recordings, Solarstone said: “The label is a natural next step in giving this music a visible platform”. The last few months have been exceptional ones in the career of DJ, producer, composer and vocalist Solarstone. Fresh from rocking a sold out Pure Trance showcase at ADE 2013, he re-entered DJ Mag Top 100 DJs chart, and even more recently came #2 (behind Armin van Buuren) in the annual TrancePodium awards’, Producer of the Year cat. Now, building on that success, January 20th sees the christening of the Pure Trance Recordings label.
The imprint’s debut comes from the studio of hotly tipped production duo Miikka Leinonen and Juraj Klička, better know these days as Driftmoon. Having drawn hard props from some of the best-known DJs in trance for their releases on Enhanced Recordings, Armada Music and others, they mark PT001 with the enthralling trance immersion of ‘Howl At The Moon’. The release is completed by Solarstone’s Retouch remix, which (per DJ Mag) “adds his running/pummelling b-line hallmark and further beefs up the payoff”. The magazine goes on to call it “an impressive opener” for the label. Hot on Driftmoon’s heels will come new music from other longstanding Solarstone/Pure Trance centurions, including Finland’s Winkee and Hungary’s Elfsong.
You can get your first taste of Pure Trance Recordings fare by clicking this link.
Solarstone ft. Lemon - Lovers (Music Video)
Across its Original versions, 'Lovers' is a knowing glance back by Solarstone at his formative musical years. Its production and vocals draw affectionate inspiration from a wide artistic palette, with Erasure, Depeche Mode, Roxy Music and Joy Division being just some of its many touchstone influences. Featuring introspective and deeply personal lyrics & vocals from Lemon's frontman Roger D. Smith, 'Lovers' lays and layers them against crisp percussion, atmospheric analogue synths and brilliantly stagey drum rolls. Masterfully bridging the decades Solarstone's new Pure Mix version kicks off 'Lovers' remix collection. Rushing up to meet 2014 club floors, throughout their intros they utilize high-impact kick-drums, echoing harmonics and the Pure Mixes' leitmotif running basslines. Building potent levels of tension, the vocal affects a controlled burn on the drop before Solarstone hooks the swirling atmosphere and up-surging synths back in.
Music video directed and produced by Chris Butcher, for more info on Chris visit http://www.cinely.com/chris.butcher/
Further in trance virtuoso Giuseppe Ottaviani matches the tone of the vocal, fusing a wonderfully mood-filled intro to the opening minutes of his mix. As the remix forms up for the break he introduces shards of melody before finally allowing his sun-kissed synths to dawn over the mix. Tying up the package, longstanding Solarstone compadre Alucard sinks his teeth into a deeper mix of ‘Lovers’. The Canadian producer brews an early storm through thundery sub-tropical FX and echoed vocal snatches. Through drifting, caught-on-the-wind melodies, intense acoustic & bass guitar lines and slo-mo break-beats, he fashions a deep, sophisticated progressive trancer that sends shivers down the spine.
The Brand New Solarstone APP is Here!
The official app of the Pure Trance maestro, Solarstone. Stay updated with news, events, videos & his latest releases. Get tickets & browse for merchandise. Catch the weekly Solaris International show and connect via his social media. This is Pure Solarstone & is FREE for iPhone & Android.
Pure Trance 2: Mixed by Solarstone + Giuseppe Ottaviani
Over the last 24 months the #PureTrance movement has swept through the world of electronic music, driven by its flag-bearer, Solarstone. First outlined by its debut mix-comp (still in Beatport’s bestseller chart one year after its release), Solarstone’s now ready to bring its essence into even clearer focus. Across 2 discs and 34, often exclusive or purpose-built tracks, Pure Mixes and Retouches, Solarstone and fellow Pure practitioner Giuseppe Ottaviani serve a future-proofed release that’ll be as relevant in your collection in 10 years time as it is today. With music from trance bedrock like Aly & Fila, John O’Callaghan, Darren Tate, Alex M.O.R.P.H., M.I.K.E. and Sied van Riel, it also features new rising talent including Suncatcher, Adam Nickey, Sneijder, Walsh & McAuley and Driftmoon. Standby to receive your trance refined, clarified and 100% Pure!
“Tough to pull off, after the highly impressive ‘Pure Trance Vol.1’, but against the odds, this new outing is a huge step up again - 10/10, Album of the Month” – MIXMAG Solarstone sets the mix’s early atmosphere with some rolling gear from the harmonic end of Pure’s spectrum. The faraway tones of Adam Nickey’s ‘Perfect Destiny’, the trance-transcendent float of Aerium’s ‘Horizon’ and flute-like drift of Elfsong’s ‘Seldarine’’ form its opening minutes. Building the bridge skyward, Solarstone’s towering Pure rebuild of M.O.R.P.H.s ‘Eternal Flame’ and his retouch of M.I.K.E.’s ‘Respire’ open up the euphoric throttle.
Reaching its halfway point, Solarstone bomb-drops the deliciously ominous tones of his most recent Pure Mix of ‘Love Theme From Blade Runner’. Given sanction by the house of Vangelis’, alongside the Pure Mix of Zoo Brazil’s ‘Hearts A Legend’, it lends darker tones to the mix. On the release of the second album, Richard says: “Almost exactly a year ago we released Solarstone presents Pure Trance - Volume 1, an album which marked the beginning of a journey of rebirth and rediscovery. Since its release we have taken the Pure Trance message global with a host of Pure Trance Events that have not only invigorated but restored a sense of belonging to a growing & passionate audience worldwide, and finally the scene is sitting up & taking notice: Pure Trance music is alive & kicking, and right now on fire! I am proud to present this second compilation of brilliant music for all lovers of the sound of Pure Trance “
Arriving at its summit, Richard enters mash-up-mode, brilliantly splicing Ferry Corsten & Betsie Larkin’s ‘Made of Love’ and John O’Callaghan’s ‘I’ll Follow’ and further uniting Ben Lost’s timeless ‘Jump The Next Train’ over Franz’s ‘Emerge’. Italy’s Giuseppe Ottaviani comes off his spot, boxing clever with an overtura of toughened trance logistics. He interplays the tracks of nu-bloods like John Mash, Colonial One and Andrea Mazza with those of Darren Tate, Sied van Riel and other trance establishment.
Giuseppe says: “over the last year I’ve played at Solarstone’s Pure Trance events in many different corners of the world. To have the chance to capture, in some way, their unique atmosphere as part of a mix compilation has been wonderful! I hope you have as much fun listening and dancing to my mix, as I had compiling mixing it!” Marking Agnelli & Nelson’s remix-return, Ottaviani (or “the Grand Master of Energy”, as MIXMAG recently christened him!) charges the mix’s midpoint with a new version of Andain’s ‘You Once Told Me’. Whipping Sneijder’s rebuild of his Aly & Fila collab ‘Brilliant People’, James Dymond’s ‘Carbon’, Will Atkinson’s ‘Hemosa’ and others together, Giuseppe brings about the release’s final perfect sound-storm. The album is out Oct 28th.
Tracklist: Disc 1. Mixed by Solarstone
01. Adam Nickey - Perfect Destiny (Winkee Remix Reconstruction)
02. Aerium - Horizons (Solarstone Retouch)
03. Solarstone featuring Lemon - Lovers (Pure Mix Reconstruction)
04. Elfsong - Seldarine
05. Alex M.O.R.P.H - Eternal Flame (Solarstone Pure Mix)
06. Walsh & McAuley - Ashgrove Throne
07. M.I.K.E - Respire (Solarstone Retouch)
08. Zoo Brazil featuring Philip - Heart's A Legend (Solarstone Pure Dub Retouch)
09. Solarstone - Love Theme from Blade Runner (Pure Mix)
10. Future Disciple - Kwiwakurra
11. Driftmoon - Howl At The Moon (Solarstone Retouch)
12. John O'Callaghan featuring Ria - I’ll Follow (Solarstone Pure Dub Reconstruction)
13. Ferry Corsten featuring Betsie Larkin - Made Of Love (Acapella)
14. Suncatcher - Are We There Yet? (Original Mix)
15. Franz - Emerge (Dreamy Remix)
16. Ben Lost - Jump The Next Train (Acapella)
Disc 2. Mixed by Giuseppe Ottaviani
01. Alex Matteo - Prophecy
02. Darren Tate - All I Am
03. Sied van Riel - 8 Decades
04. Colonial One - Atlas (Original Mix)
05. Andrea Mazza featuring Hysteria! - This Perfect Night
06. John Mash - Metamorphosi
07. Alexandre Bergheau & Alex Wackii - French Kiss
08. Marynus Revert - Scent Of My Dreams (Original Mix)
09. Andain - You Once Told Me (Agnelli & Nelson Remix)
10. Stuart Millar - Always A Moment
11. John O'Callaghan featuring Audrey Gallagher - Big Sky
12. John O'Callaghan featuring Erica Curran - I Believe (Giuseppe Ottaviani Remix)
13. Giuseppe Ottaviani with Aly & Fila - Brilliant People (Sneijder Remix)
14. Giuseppe Ottaviani featuring Vitamin B - Waiting On Someday (OnAir Mix)
15. James Dymond - Carbon
16. Joey Chilson - Lost & Found
17. AERO 21 - Performance (Original Mix)
18. Will Atkinson - Hermosa
Solarstone - Love Theme From Blade Runner (Pure Mix)
Drawing from one of Vangelis’ most renowned soundtracks, Solarstone has rebooted the theme from the audio auteur’s hallowed ‘Blade Runner’ soundtrack. He has brought trance purity to the beautifully sinister tones of its title theme. Utilizing it as a last tune of the night ID-weapon for many a month, the track (now christened ‘Love Theme from Blade Runner’) has been given the official seal of approval. The Pure Trance master is now set to release his love letter to ‘Blade Runner’.
(Available on Beatport on Black Hole Recordings, 23th September 2013)
"With warm analogue bass and plenty of dark twists and turns Solarstone effortlessly transforms the piece into a modern day ‘Pure’ Trance banger which will breathe new life into Vangelis’ finest hour and educate those who were too young enough to enjoy the sounds of this legendary composer first time round. Sublime." - Tillate Magazine (Sept 2013)
Losing none of its ominous awe-inspiring atmosfear, through Solarstone’s ‘Love Theme From Blade Runner’ Vangelis’ now exerts a hypnotic thrall over the club floor. Using the classic strains of ‘End Titles’, Richard fires the Original’s balanced nexus of dystopian melancholia and towering elevation through the Pure prism. Developing a pounding sonic underlay, built from pistoning drums, dramatic orchestral cymbal crashes and undulating bass swells, he sets the stage for its big dramatic soundscapes. Retrofitting Vangelis’ analogue synthesizers & FX with purified trance mechanics and unrelenting tension, he filters its darkly timeless melodic chimes into the mix’s system. Brilliantly drawn out over nine fissionable, charged minutes he points Vangelis’ 30-year-old classic at the very heart of the club floor.
File under? Pure Trance.
Solarstone pres. Pure Trance @ Fuel sets on Soundcloud
The day was June 15th & the venue was Fuel Beachclub, Bloemendaal, where Solarstone's latest Pure Trance event took place. With the sun in the sky & a heady anticipation, Solarstone - together with Alex M.O.R.P.H, Giuseppe Ottaviani, M.I.K.E and Michael Cassette - delivered a blissful 9 hours of Pure Trance music to a sweaty club packed to the rafters with passionate music lovers. Now you can watch the official aftermovie on Youtube and listen to the entire event or individual sets from our Djs over on the Solarstone Soundcloud Channel
Solarstone Pure Mixes for JOC & Alex M.O.R.P.H.
Showing no signs of letting up the momentum, Solarstone unveils his two latest 'Pure' remixes this month. First up is John o'Callaghan's 'I'll Follow' (Ft. Ria) to which Rich applies a liberal sprinkling of his crystalline 'Pure' production magic. Snapping it its heels towards the end of the month is the 'Pure' re-evaluation of Alex M.O.R.P.H's fabulous 'Eternal Flame' which is included on his new album 'PrimeMover: The Remixes' . Rich takes the track into new territory with towering riffs and enough 'Pure' spirit to uplift your local priest.
Betsie Larkin & Solarstone - Breathe You In (incl. Pure Mix)
2013 already turned out to be one of Betsie's busiest years so far. What started in 2008 with the instant hit 'Made of Love' with Ferry Corsten, has flourished into a dream-like calling that led to assignments with an impressive list of producers like ATB, Andy Moor, Gabriel & Dresden and many others. The release of Betsie's debut album 'All We Have Is Now' turned out to be the next milestone in here career. Featuring outstanding collaborations with industry heavyweights like Rafael Frost, John O'Callaghan, Bjorn Akesson and Giuseppe Ottaviani, Betsie so far released the singles Obvious with Lange, The Offering with Sied van Riel and the albums title track, which she recorded with Super8 & Tab. Despite her packed touring schedule, Betsie still managed to record the singles No Substitute For You with Russian deck-master Bobina, Not Coming Down with Ferry Corsten and Play It Back with Gabriel & Dresden. On her brand new single "Breathe You In" Betsie teams up with Solarstone.
A reaction to the fragmentation of the sound, Rich Mowatt aka Solarstone’s 2012 artist album ‘Pure’ was a roots-return, which redistilled trance and restored its cornerstone sounds to his productions and the album has become a rallying cry for the scene’s core fans. The album has generated successful singles such as The Spell, Fireisland (with Aly & Fila), Falcons (with Giuseppe Ottaviani), Jewel (with Clare Stagg) and most recently Please;. On the remix front Solarstone has been making a name in the last 12 months with his trademark Pure mixes for Deleriums' Days Turn Into Nights, Lemon's We Can't Fly and and his own tracks Seven Cities, Jewel and Please. in the first half of 2013 and now Breathe You In as latest track to be given the Solarstone Pure treatment.
Reworked into a genuine Solarstone trance endeavor, “Breathe You In” received the master’s signature with a new arrangement that offers a new look on the album version. Kicking the original up a notch is Sneijder, who completes Betsie’s vocals with his unique sound.
Betsie Larkin & Solarstone - Breathe You In
1. Solarstone Pure Mix
2. Sneijder Remix
3. Solarstone Pure Radio Edit
Solarstone pres. Solaris International: Si/2013Q2
Solarstone's long-running weekly radio show Solaris International, which broadcasts worldwide via an extensive FM and Digital network, is launching a new quarterly bundle starting this month, July 2013. The first bundle features a selection of 20 beautiful and melodic tracks hand-picked by Solarstone from the playlist of Si during the 2nd quarter of 2013. A collection of music to open your mind to, close your eyes to, and ultimately live your life to.